① 总的发展趋势发展趋势 ② 数据信息数据图表具体描述 ③剖析数据信息数据图表所说明的含义 ④缘故一
⑤ 缘故二 ⑥缘故三 ⑦ 缘故四 ⑧总结 ⑨ 销售市场市场前景预测分析剖析
As can be seen from the table, the past decade has witnessed dramatic changes in①______.
While ②_______. It is obvious from the table that③_________.
What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. To start with, ④______. Secondly, ⑤______ . What’s more, ⑥ _______. Last but not lease, ⑦________.
In conclusion, ⑧_________. Moreover, ⑨ ________.
范文： How People Spent Their Holidays
Year 1990 1995 2000
Traveling 37% 51% 76%
Staying at home 63% 49% 24%
How People Spent Their Holidays
As can be seen from the table, the past decade have witnessed dramatic changes in the way people spent their holiday between 1990 and 2000.In 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure dropped considerably to 24% in 2000. It is obvious from the table that people tended to be more and more mobile, and they wanted to get entertainment in the outside world.
What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. To start with, with the rapid development of economy, people earn by far more money than they used to. Thus, people are able to afford traveling expenses. Secondly, people think it important to get well-informed about the outside world in this new era when everything is on the move. Traveling, of course, is a sure way to achieve this goal. What's more, in this competitive society, people are usually under great stress. However, it is not difficult to find traveling an effective way to relieve people's stress and get relaxation. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind.
In conclusion, people prefer to go traveling rather than stay at home during holidays for a combination of reasons. Moreover, it seems that this trend will last in the foreseeable future.
①描述数据信息数据图表 ②分三方面描述原因 ③下結果
1) During the period from _______to _______, ________rose from ________to _______, while _______ decreased from _______ to _______.
2) We believe that three reasons can account for this phenomenon. First,____. Second, ____. Third, _____.
3) ___.We are happy to see that things are becoming better and better nowadays. We can imagine that ___.
范文： Health Gains in Developing Countries
1．以下图为依据描述发展趋势发展趋势在我国家的希望应用使用寿命(1ife expectancy)和婴儿不幸身亡率(infant mortality)的变化情况
Health Gains in Developing Countries
During the period from 1960 to 1990, the life expectancy of developing countries rose from 40 years to nearly 60 years, while infant mortality decreased from 200 deaths per 1000 births to around 100.
We believe that three reasons can account for this phenomenon. First, economy develops quickly in developing countries during this period, and living quality improves significantly as a result. Second, people's health conditions also become better and better with the development of national health care systems. When they become richer and richer, they care more about personal health conditions. Third, medical sciences also develop at a fantastic speed, and it is much safer for mothers to give birth.
We are happy to see that things are becoming better and better nowadays. We can imagine that people will live longer and the infant mortality will again fall. [1996.6. CET-6]
①描述数据信息数据图表 ②描述数据信息数据图表 ③弥补描述
1) During the period between _______ and ________, ________ declined abruptly from _______ to ________, while ________ increased sharply from ________ to _______.
2) Several reasons can account for this phenomenon. Compared with _________ is much cheaper and more convenient__________ . Apart from that, _________.
3) However, there are still a number of people who _________, generally for two reasons. On the one hand,________. On the other hand, ________.
范文： Film Is Giving Way to TV
Film Is Giving Way to TV
During the period between 1975 and 1985，film-goers declined abruptly from 85,000 to about 12,000, while TV-watchers increased sharply from 5,000 to more than 100,000.
Several reasons can account for this phenomenon. Compared with a film, TV is much cheaper and more convenient --you don't have to leave your house at all. Apart from that, you have many choices while watching TV, but a film concentrates on a certain topic.
However, there are still a number of people who enjoy going to the cinema, generally for two reasons. On the one hand, the audio-visual effect of a cinema is much better. On the other hand, in a quiet and comfortable place such as a cinema, you can concentrate on what you are watching and get the most of the film.
時间的撰写，如一九九七年八月30日，英文为：July 30，1997（更加普遍）； July 30th，1997；30th July，1997等。1997不可以写成97。
（1）写給亲人、亲朋好友朋友和关系密不可分的朋友时，用Dear或My dear再加上说明亲属关系的称呼或直称其名（这儿指名字，其实不是姓氏）。例如：My dear father，Dear Tom等。
（2）写給差旅费上的信函用Dear Madam，Dear Sir或Gentleman（Gentlemen）。注意：Dear实属差旅费上去往的客套话方法。Gentlemen一直以复数方法出现，前无需Dear，是Dear Sir的复数方法。
（3）写給收信人的信，也可以用头衔、职位、技术性技术职称、学士学位证书等再加姓氏或姓氏和名字。例如：Dear Prof. Tim Scales, Dear Dr. John Smith。
假若你没有了解收信人名字，可用Dear Sir(s), Dear Madam, Dear Sir or Madam.
假若你呢解收信人名字，但他其实不就是你的朋友，可用Dear Mr. Smith, Dear Ms. Smith, Dear Dr.Smith, Dear Prof.Smith.
4、文章内容文章正文（Body of the Letter）
（1）写給家人、亲朋好友朋友，用Your loving grandfather，Lovingly yours，Lovingly,等；
（2）写給亲朋好友朋友、朋友，用Yours cordially，Yours affectionately, Best regards, Best wish, Love等；
（3）写业务流程步骤信函用Truely yours（Yours truely），Faithfully yours（Yours faithfully）等；
（4）对上级领导领导干部、老年人用Yours obediently（Obediently yours），Yours respectfully（Respectfully yours）等;
(5) 假若你呢解收信人名字，但他其实不就是你的朋友，用Yours Sincerely。
1．I am grateful／obliged to you for．．．我十分感谢你的……
2．I am greatly indebted to you for what you have done． 我来你所做的一切说明谢谢。
3．I am thankful／obliged to you for your unselfish assistance during… 感谢你一直在……期限内给予我不会求收益的帮助。
4．I deeply appreciate your courtesy and we hope to have the opportunity of rewarding your kindness．
5．I take this opportunity to express my deep appreciation of your kind help you rendered me．
6. It was kind and generous of you to do this for me，and l appreciate it more than l can say．
7．My appreciate to you for your generous help is beyond my words．I wish I could repay it some day．
8．Please accept my most cordial thanks for your timely help，which l will never forget．
9．Words fail me when I want to express my gratitude to you．谢谢之情没法言表。
10．Again，I would like to express our warm thanks to you．再一次向你说明感谢。
July 7, 2008
Dear Prof. James,
As one of your students, I am writing to ask for your kind assistance. I wish to enroll in College of Computer at Oxford University, for which I am required to provide a letter of recommendation. As a senior professor in your field, one of my most respected college teachers and a person who knows me very well, you are the most suitable referee for me.
As you know, I have laid a solid foundation in computer science. I would be grateful if, in the letter, you would confirm that I have adequate qualifications to follow the course. Would you be so kind as to give a brief introduction to my academic performance during my undergraduate studies, especially that under your supervision? Besides, your personal opinion of me will carry special weight. I have to submit the letter next month.
Thank you so much for your generous help in this matter.
Dear Xiao Wang,
Words failed me to express my excitement when I learned that you would like to spend your holiday together with me. It has been three years since we graduated from high school. I miss you so much that I even can't wait to see you. Now that it will be the first time you visit Beijing, I am sure that your journey will be exciting, rewarding and full of a lot of fun.
I've made a rough plan for this holiday as follows. On the first day you arrive here, I will show you around our new campus. Especially, I will take you to visit our newly-built modem library. During the second three days, we'd better go sightseeing around Beijing. We can visit some famous scenic spots and historical sites, such as Summer Palace, the Forbidden City, the Great Wall, etc. On the fifth day, we can visit the Beijing Zoo, since you are quite interested in wild animals. The next day, we can do some shopping. There are many splendid markets and plazas in Beijing. On the last day, you can have a good rest before setting off. If there is anything inconvenient for you in this plan, please let me know immediately.
By the way, since lots of people will go traveling in this holiday, it must be crowded on the train. So you should take care of your luggage. Bring more clothes with you because Beijing is much colder than Kunming at this time. And don't forget to tell me when you will arrive so that I'll pick you up at the airport.
I am looking forward to your reply and wish you a god journey.
1．I must apologize to you for... 我尽量为……向你道歉。
2．I am terribly/awfully sorry that... 我认为很很很抱歉，因为……
3．It is thoughtless/inconsiderate of me to do... 我做……，的确太欠考虑到来到。
4．I am afraid what I have done has caused many inconveniences to you. 或许我给您添了许多麻烦。
5．I sincerely hope that you can understand that I offended you unintentionally.
6．I regret to inform you that I am unable to do... 我很缺憾地告知您我不会会能……
7．I must make a sincere and humble apology to you for... 我尽量为……真心实意实意地给你道歉。
8．Please accept my sincere apology for.., once more. 请再一次为……接受我真是是诚的道歉。
9．I sincerely hope that you will kindly accept my apologies. 我衷心祝福你可以以接受我的道歉。
10．I am so sorry to have put you to so much trouble. 不大好含义给你添了很多麻烦。
June 23, 2008
Dear Mr. / Ms,
I was very concerned when I received your letter of yesterday complaining that the central heating system in your new house had not been completed by the date promised.
On referring to our earlier correspondence, I find that I had mistaken the date for completion. The fault is entirely mine and I deeply regret that it should have occurred.
I realize the inconvenience our oversight must be causing you and will do everything possible to avoid any further delay. I have already given instructions for the work to have priority and the engineers working on the job to be placed on overtime. These arrangements should see the installation completed by next weekend.
1．I am please to invite you to participate in …to be held from…to in…
2．It is my pleasure/a great honor for me to invite you to…如能邀请你报考报名参加……便是我十分大的荣幸。
3．It is my pleasure to extend an invitation to you to go traveling with me. 我十分开心邀请你与我一起去休闲度假度假旅游。
4．I hope that you won't decline my invitation．期待你没会拒绝我的邀请。
5．I will cover all the expenses involved．我可以担负有关花销。
6．We were wondering if the session could consist of．．．大伙儿要想了解交流会不是是可以包括……
7．Would you please let me know as soon as possible if you can accept my invitation?
June 23, 2008
We would like to invite you to an exclusive presentation of our new [product]. The presentation will take place at [location], at [time] on [date]. There will also be a reception at [time]. We hope you and your colleagues will be able to attend.
[company] is a leading producer of high-quality . As you well know, recent technological advances have made increasingly affordable to the public. Our new models offer superb quality and sophistication with economy, and their new features give them distinct advantages over similar products from other manufacturers.
We look forward to seeing you on [date]. Just call our office at [phone number] and we will be glad to secure a place for you.
April 7, 2002
Mr. Ray Hanks
Manager of Human Resources
Wayne Investments, Inc.
1023 Central Avenue
Tempa, FL 19122
Dear Mr. Hanks:
I am writing to apply for the Client Account Coordinator, which was advertised May 4th with the Career Services Center at Florida State University. I have enclosed a copy of my resume for your review. I believe that I have the training, experience and qualities that you are looking for.
According to the advertisement, your position requires excellent communication skills, computer literacy, and a B.S. degree in Finance. My studies have included courses in computer science, management information systems, speech communications, and business writing. I understand the position also requires a candidate who is team and detail-oriented, works well under pressure, and is able to deal with people in departments throughout the firm. These are skills I developed both in my course work and in my recent internship at Liberty Mutual, Inc. in Orlando, Florida.
Your job description suggests that our relationship could be mutually beneficial. I am confident that I can perform the job effectively, and I am excited about the idea of working for a dynamic, nationally recognized investment management firm.
I look forward to discussing my background and qualifications with you. If you would like to schedule an interview or otherwise discuss my interest in the position, I can be reached at (218) 365-3333.
Sincerely, Tom Sherman
1. I am writing to you to complain about... 我现寄信向你检举有关…
2. I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with... 我现寄信向你描述对……的不满意意。
3. I am afraid that I have to inform you that... 我很缺憾地告之你……
4. I am completely disappointed/upset to find... 当我们们发现……，我认为十分的寒心(伤心)。
5. There are some problems with.., that I wish to bring to attention. In the lust place .... in the second place .... 期待你注意到在……方面的一些难点。一方面，……；此外一方面，……
6. To reverse this situation, it is advisable/ desirable/ recommended/ suggested that... 便于歪曲局势，建议……
7. To improve the situation, it is advisable to take the following measures. For one thing .... For another .... 便于改善形势，建议选用以下防范措施。其一，……；其二，……
8. I sincerely hope that it win review its management system, with the view to (doing) ... 找真心实意实意地希望……能自我反思自身的管理方法方式方式，有利于……
9. I look forward to a day when we could... 我期待着有—天大伙儿能够……
10. I do hope that the problems will be solved as soon as possible. 期待难点可以尽早得以解决。
11. I hope my suggestions will be taken into consideration to improve the situation. 期待大伙儿能够考虑到到一下大家提议有利于改善形势。
12. If it is not properly settled, I would like to demand a refund, or I would complain to the Consumem' Association. 倘若这件事情没法稳妥得到解决，我觉得求大伙儿退款，要不然，我将向消协检举。
13. We believe that you will take this matter seriously from now on and make every effort to prevent its recurrence. 大伙儿确信大伙儿从现如今起用到心对待这一件事情的，并努力避免这件事情的再一次造成。
1．I wish to pursue my Master's degree in your prestigious university. 期待到贵校攻读研学士学位证书。
2．I wish to apply to admission to your department as a post-graduate student. 我现申请办理申请办理攻读贵系科学研究科学研究生。
3．I am greatly Interested in your graduate program in College of Law and wish to apply for admission.
4．Would you be so kind as to provide me with some relevant in formation?
5．I am writing to ask for admission to your department. It's my long-cherished dream to pursue my study in your honored department. 我申请办理申请办理入读于贵系，它就是我长期性迄今的愿望。
6．It would be appreciative of you if you could send me Some relevant information at your earliest convenience. 倘若您能够尽快寄给我一些相关信息内容內容，我将惜败谢谢。
7．Could you send me an application form as wet/as some detailed information regarding... ?
8．If further materials are required, I am only too willing to forward them to you.
9．I will certainly feel honored if I could be admitted to your university, which, renowned for its long history and a fine tradition of scholarship, enjoys a worldwide fame.
10．Would you please let me know the procedures for admission at your earliest convenience?
11．I shah be glad to furnish you with any further information concerning my education and work experience. 我很想要为您提供我曾学得习学习培训和工作中中亲自亲身经历的有关原材料。